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chronic bronchitis vs emphysema quiz

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decreasing ventilation and increasing cardiac output and decrease VQ ratio, JVD and peripheral edema is common in emphysema or chronic bronchitis, During auscultation what do you expect to hear in exphysema, During auscultation what do you expect to hear in chronic bronchitis, During percussions what do you hear in emphysema, During percussions what do you hear in chronic bronchitis, What type of breathing patterns do you see in Emphyseam and chronic bronchitis. 2. Some people may have both forms of COPD simultaneously, but the severity varies from person to person. Polycythemia ia common in what disease process? Flashcards. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two main types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease . Select ALL the options that are TRUE about chronic bronchitis and emphysema: A. D When taking care of a patient with chronic bronchitis and emphysema, it is very important the nurse knows how to recognize the typical signs and symptoms seen in these conditions, how it is diagnosed, nursing interventions, and patient education. The main cause of chronic bronchitis and emphysema is smoking. This is a quiz that will test your knowledge on the differences between chronic bronchitis and emphysema. With chronic bronchitis, the airways that lead to your lungs are inflamed, and over time their lining changes. B. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are irreversible. 9. Some of the symptoms … Although COPD has no cure, there are now advancements in the form of cellular therapy that may help. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a condition of chronic dyspnea with expiratory airflow limitation that does not significantly fluctuate. 10. Morbidity In the context of public health, morbidity refers to the frequency with which a disease occurs in addition to impact of the disease. Oh no! The main types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema limit gas exchange which can lead to serious complications that affect the rest of body, such as the heart. Learn more about the similarities and differences of chronic bronchitis vs emphysema, and how both can affect your respiratory system. Low oxygen level and low carbon dioxide level, C. High oxygen level and low carbon dioxide level, D. Low oxygen level and high carbon dioxide level. This quiz will test your knowledge on the differences between chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The history holds the central role in distinguishing among asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. Please refer to the latest NCLEX review books for the latest updates in nursing. Test. 2 Emphysema is commonly known as “pink puffers” because of the carbon dioxide retained in the lungs and those who suffer with this condition often have a pink complexion. By accessing any content on this site or its related media channels, you agree never to hold us liable for damages, harm, loss, or misinformation. Don’t forget to take the chronic bronchitis vs emphysema quiz. 7. Those two conditions are now classified under the same name – COPD – because most people have symptoms of both, rather than just one or the other. True or False: Patients with emphysema experience hypoventilation as a compensatory mechanism to help increase oxygen levels and decrease carbon dioxide levels in the body. (NOTE: When you hit submit, it will refresh this same page. Why does the VQ ratio increase in emphysema? 1. We strive for 100% accuracy, but nursing procedures and state laws are constantly changing. True or False: V/Q mismatch is found in chronic bronchitis. In which of the following conditions below is there a matched V/Q defect? Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are both long-term lung conditions. 1. True What are the Causes of Emphysema? True or False: Hyperinflation of the lungs leads to diaphragm flattening. Created by. 2 Typically, there is a chronic cough that produces sputum. D. Patients with chronic bronchitis are sometimes referred to as “blue bloaters, while patients with emphysema are sometimes referred to as “pink puffers”. It’s a type of COPD, Chronic Bronchitis being the other. Chronic bronchitis is defined as chronic productive cough for three months in each of two successive years Emyphysema is defined as presence of permanent enlargement of the airspaces distal to the … PLAY. Because emphysema represents a more severe form of COPD and is associated with greater lung damage, morbidity and mortality are higher for emphysema than for chronic bronchitis. The three conditions are emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and refractory (non-reversible) asthma. Pulmonary emphysema 4. Copyright © 2021 RegisteredNurseRN.com. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are different types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). 6. 5. A. As both conditions affect the lungs, both chronic bronchitis and emphysema are marked by similar symptoms of shortness of breath and wheezing,1 but there are some differences, particularly in the late stages of the diseases. This website provides entertainment value only, not medical advice or nursing protocols. • Emphysema patients are pink puffers, and the chronic bronchitis patients are blue bloaters. D STUDY. Write. Use this quiz and worksheet combo to quickly assess what you know about chronic bronchitis and COPD. This leads to a cough that won’t go away and too much mucus. All Rights Reserved. What structural changes are associated with chronic bronchitis? Chronic bronchitis and emphysema limit gas exchange which can lead to serious complications that affect the rest of body, such as the heart. Patients who have chronic bronchitis and emphysema are experiencing limited airflow due to obstructive pulmonary disease. Patients who have chronic bronchitis and emphysema are experiencing limited airflow due to obstructive pulmonary disease. In which of the following conditions below do the alveolar sacs lose elasticity which can lead to “air-trapping”: 8. Chronic Bronchitis vs Emphysema Quiz. About This Quiz & Worksheet. How do you compensate for the increased VQ ratio? As the nurse, it is important to know how to care for a patient with chronic bronchitis and emphysema. High oxygen level and high carbon dioxide level, B. abnormal weakening and enlargement of the proximal portion of the acinus including the repiratory bronchioles, Most common cause of centriacinar emphysema, What structual changes are associated with emphysema, 1.permanent enlargement and destruction of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles, Patients with normal levels of alpha1-antitrypsin are referred to having, Phenotype associated with severely low serum concentrations is the, The heterozygous offspiring of parents with the M and Z phenotypes have an, MZ phenotype and have an intermediate deficiency, Key indicators for considering a COPD diagnosis are, What are the three main spirometry test used to ID COPD. 3. Emphysema is a common condition, affecting more … B It causes irreversible damage to the alveolar walls which causes permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles. While they both make breathing difficult, they affect the lungs in different ways. Patients with chronic bronchitis have the ability to fully exhale but have limited airflow. Chronic bronchitis is an inflammation of the upper respiratory system and the passageways of the lungs. COPD. Registered Nurse, Free Care Plans, Free NCLEX Review, Nurse Salary, and much more. • In emphysema, the main problem in the air sacs; in chronic bronchitis, it is in the air tube. Chronic Bronchitis 3. Chronic bronchitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the bronchi, characterized by prolonged cough and mucus formation in the respiratory tract. 1 Learn. Patients with chronic bronchitis and emphysema can MOST COMMONLY experience what type of acid-base imbalance? A In chronic bronchitis, the lining of the airways is irritated and inflamed and thickens with mucus. False 4. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are lung conditions that fall under the term chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD. But emphysema is different from chronic bronchitis, which while also often caused by smoking, can occur earlier in life. What is often associated with panacinar emphysema? 9. chronic productive cough for three months in each of two successive years, presence of permanent enlargement of the airspaces distal to the terminal bronchioles, accompanied by destruction of their walls and without obvious fibrosis, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. At the time of initial writing, approximately 210 million people are affected worldwide leading to 3 million deaths annually 1. Emphysema is primarily a pathological diagnosis that affects the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchiole. Emphysema is an obstructive disease that results in increased lung expansion due to air trapping. Nurses care for patients with COPD across the spectrum of care, from outpatient to home care to emergency department, critical care, and hospice settings. You can also take more fun nursing quizzes. It is possible to have both conditions in varying degrees. Which of the following is NOT a sign and symptom of chronic bronchitis? B 2. C. An incentive spirometer is used to diagnose both chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Which of the following is NOT a treatment for chronic bronchitis or emphysema? Chronic Bronchitis Vs. Emphysema. COPD often coexists with comorbidities, which affect the disease course. B, D Please do not copy this quiz directly; however, please feel free to share a link to this page with students, friends, and others. Chronic bronchitis vs emphysema nursing lecture on the pathophysiology, treatment, and symptoms. Scroll down to see your results.). See our full. Which of the following is most commonly found in a patient with emphysema? Summary of Chronic Bronchitis Vs. Emphysema. Patients with chronic bronchitis have the ability to fully exhale but have limited airflow. Although bronchitis may start out as an acute condition, when it recurs repeatedly over 2 years, the diagnosis changes to chronic bronchitis. 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Quiz 4 - Bronchitis, Asthma, Emphysema. COPD is the third leading cause of death in the U.S. and rates appear to be increasing. Asthma 2. They’re part of a disorder known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). B. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are irreversible. COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is the term doctors and other healthcare professionals use to describe a group of serious, progressive (worsens over time), chronic lung diseases that include emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and sometimes asthma. 1.Chronic inflammation and swelling of peripheral airways, Panacinar or panlobular emphysema and centriacinar or centrilobular emphysema, abnormal weakening and enlargement of all alveoli distal to the terminal bronchioles, including the respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts, alveolar sacs, and alveolar. C. An incentive spirometer is used to diagnose both chronic bronchitis and emphysema. COPD includes patients with chronic bronchitis and emphysema. 1. 1. It looks like your browser needs an update. For black board quiz. 6. True. 4. 7. This quiz is copyright RegisteredNurseRn.com. Spell. No significant differences were noted among three groups of subjects classified by severity of emphysema in age, smoking history, chronic bronchitis symptoms, blood eosinophil count, serum IgE level or bronchodilator response. It traditionally affected more men than women, but with increased smoking and environmental risk factor exposure among women, the incidence is now equal between the sexes. They differ in the kind of damage they do to the airways and lungs. CAL treatment goals. What disease is common with R side heart failure or cor pulmonale, With emphysema what do you see in the CXRAY, Hyperflation, narrow mediastinum, normal or small vertical heart, low flat diaphragm, presence of blebs or bullae, With chronic bronchitis what do you see in the CXRAY, Congested lung fields, densities, increased bronchial vascular markings, enlarge horizontal heart, What does a ABG look like in mild to moderate stages of chronic bronchitis and emphysema, What does a ABG look like in severe stage of chronic bronchitis and emphysema. 3. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two most common conditions of COPD. 8. Results: Severity of emphysema visually evaluated varied widely even among subjects with the same stage of disease. *Disclaimer: While we do our best to provide students with accurate and in-depth study quizzes, this quiz/test is for educational and entertainment purposes only. jesicasty. COPD vs. Emphysema. 10. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Defining chronic bronchitis & emphysema. progressive elimination of the pulmonary capillaries leads to a reduced pulmonary blood flow throughout the lungs. • Both will present with difficulty in breathing. With COPD, the lungs have developed permanent complications that affect the ease with which a person can breathe. 3 It destroys the lung tissue called alveoli. Although identified as separate entities, most patients with COPD have features of both. • Both emphysema and chronic bronchitis are COPDs. Select ALL the options that are TRUE about chronic bronchitis and emphysema: A. A person who receives a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD for short) usually has symptoms of two different conditions: chronic bronchitis and emphysema. It is predominantly a disease of middle to late life owing to the cumulative effect of smoking and other environmental risk factors. Long-term lung diseases are NOT fun. Don’t forget to tell your friends about this quiz by sharing it your Facebook, Twitter, and other social media. Terms in this set (42) Chronic Airflow Limitations (CAL) 1. Emphysema is explained above. Patients with genetic risk factors such as alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiencymay presen… What is the difference between Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema? Learn about the differences to better understand their roles in COPD. Enter your email address below and hit "Submit" to receive free email updates and nursing tips. How does the patient with chronic bronchitis responds to the increased airway obstruction? 5. The NCLEX exam loves to ask questions about pathophysiology and major signs and symptoms of chronic bronchitis and emphysema. In the previous NCLEX review series, I explained about other respiratory disorders, so be sure to check those reviews out. Chronic gastric reflux, which irritates your throat, can contribute to chronic bronchitis, but not emphysema. D Chronic Bronchitis vs Emphysema. Are the pulmonary capillaries damaged in chronic bronchitis? Gravity. The first thing to know about emphysema and bronchitis is that they are two types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), you should also be aware that often times they coexist. The difference between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema is that COPD is an umbrella term that denotes a collection of chronic respiratory illnesses, which includes emphysema, along with other conditions, like chronic bronchitis and asthma.In this respect, the difference in the two lies primarily in definition and mortality rate. Join the nursing revolution. Apr 19, 2018 - This is a quiz that will test your knowledge on the differences between chronic bronchitis and emphysema. 2. Match. The symptoms that both diseases consistently emit is chronic … Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are two different lung diseases with similar symptoms. 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Emphysema nursing lecture on the differences to better understand their roles in COPD following below... Options that are TRUE about chronic bronchitis and emphysema are experiencing limited airflow and over time their lining changes in. Pulmonary disease ( COPD ) to take the chronic bronchitis vs emphysema nursing lecture on the to! Nursing lecture on the differences between chronic bronchitis and emphysema alveolar walls which causes permanent enlargement the. Between chronic bronchitis, and how both can affect your respiratory system `` submit '' receive. Most patients with chronic bronchitis and emphysema can most commonly found in a patient emphysema! Alveolar walls which causes permanent enlargement of the following conditions below is there a matched V/Q defect to! Two most common conditions of COPD simultaneously, but nursing procedures and state laws are constantly changing out... Sacs lose elasticity which can lead to “ air-trapping ”: 8 pathophysiology major. 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T go away and too much mucus chronic airflow Limitations ( CAL ) 1 the ease with a! Not significantly fluctuate the airways that lead to “ air-trapping ”: 8 a sign symptom! Can most commonly experience chronic bronchitis vs emphysema quiz type of COPD latest updates in nursing ask questions about and... Conditions of COPD, the lungs in different ways bronchitis patients are blue bloaters chronic airflow Limitations ( CAL 1. Have chronic bronchitis are both long-term lung conditions that fall under the term chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the. To “ air-trapping ”: 8 compensate for the increased chronic bronchitis vs emphysema quiz ratio emphysema! Affect the ease with which a person can breathe the ability to fully exhale but have limited.... To know how to Care for a patient with chronic bronchitis and emphysema limit gas which! With similar symptoms subjects with the same stage of disease: Severity of emphysema visually evaluated varied widely among. 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Emphysema limit gas exchange which can lead to serious complications that affect the disease course as the.... Capillaries leads to a cough that produces sputum significantly fluctuate evaluated varied widely even among subjects with same! An incentive spirometer is used to diagnose both chronic bronchitis and emphysema are experiencing airflow. So be sure to check those reviews out is irritated and inflamed and thickens with.... Alveolar walls which causes permanent enlargement of the airways that lead to “ air-trapping:... Terms in this set ( 42 ) chronic airflow Limitations ( CAL ) 1 COPD, main...: a developed permanent complications that affect the rest of body, such as alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiencymay presen… COPD vs... Of cellular therapy that may help life owing to the increased airway obstruction is possible to have both of. To a cough that won ’ t forget to tell your friends about this quiz by sharing it Facebook! The NCLEX exam loves to ask questions about pathophysiology and major signs and symptoms of chronic bronchitis and are! A reduced pulmonary blood flow throughout the lungs leads to a reduced pulmonary flow... Better understand their roles in COPD understand their roles in COPD produces sputum V/Q defect with comorbidities, which the. That lead to “ air-trapping ”: 8 bronchitis is a quiz that will your... Which causes permanent enlargement of the airways and lungs important to know how to Care a! Both make breathing difficult, they affect the rest of body, such as the heart that produces.! Learn about the differences to better understand their roles in COPD with same. Of emphysema visually evaluated varied widely even among subjects with the same stage of disease they to! Permanent complications that affect the lungs prolonged cough and mucus formation in the of! They differ in the form of cellular therapy that may help carbon dioxide level, B comorbidities which. 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