In the early 1920's a group of architects and artists, influenced by some of theideas of DaDa, formed a movement called de Stijl (Dutch for The Style).Theirs was a utopian philosophical approach to aesthetics, centered in apublication called de Stijl, which presented their ideas and designs. Mondrian championed the development of De Stijl architecture, typically praising most built and unbuilt projects. An early, perhaps the first, De Stijl work of architecture, appearing in its magazine in 1919, was the Villa Henny in Huis ter Heide, the Netherlands, by Robert van’t Hoff (1887â1979), designed in 1915. In his book, Art in Vienna, Peter Vergo stated, “Only in the buildings of Adolf Loos, with his disdain of elaborate ornament, does one find he beginnings of a wholly modern style in architecture…” Loos himself insisted in his famous 1908 manifesto, “Ornament and Crime,”. • It was a manifesto of the ideals of the De Stijl group of artists and architects in the Netherlands in 1920s. Wright had seen the necessity of such control, if only because of the unsuitability of existing furniture for the modern interior. Wright’s Prairie Style of flat roofs over long low structures seemed especially suitable for the flat landscapes of Holland. Founded in 1917, De Stijl (Dutch for “The Style”) originated in the Netherlands, and is considered to have peaked between 1917 and 1931. His temporary Superintendent’s Office (1923) for Oud-Mathenesse Housing was a De Stijl folly in primary colors and cubic forms, derived from the paintings of Mondrian and van Doesburg. This exhibition, Les Architectes du Groupe “de Styl,” displayed drawings, photographs, and models by van Doesburg, Cornelis van Eesteren, Vilmos HuszÃ¡r, Willem van Leusden, J.J.P.Oud, Gerrit Rietveld, Jan Wils, and (surprisingly) Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, who contributed a photograph of his 1922 Glass Skyscraper model. The speed of cultural development is hampered by the stragglers. De Stijl as an avant-garde movement unfortunately expired with van Doesburg. An early, perhaps the first, De Stijl work of architecture, appearing in its magazine in 1919, was the Villa Henny in Huis ter Heide, the Netherlands, by Robert van’t Hoff (1887–1979), designed in 1915. Rietveld’s Red Blue Chair, initially produced without color in 1918, successfully mediated the transfer of De Stijl principles from painting to architecture. Therefore, architecture is anti-cubic, anti-symmetrical and anti-gravitational, the elements float and hover. Therefore, it had a major influence on Bauhaus architecture and design. Two projects attracting great attention from critics and later widely disseminated through publications and other exhibitions were the Maison d’Artiste (Artist’s House) and the Maison ParticuliÃ¨re (Private House). Both were developed by van Doesburg in collaboration with van Eesteren (1897â1988) specifically for the Paris exhibition. November, first manifesto of de Stijl signed by original members, excepting van der Leek, who had resigned. In a narrower sense, the term De Stijl is used to refer to a body of work from 1917 to 1931 founded in the Netherlands. Edited in Amsterdam and Santpoort, 1918-1932. The De Stijl (also known as Neo-Plasticism) art movement was founded in 1917 in the Netherlands by a group of artists and architects. Wendingen, Dutch architecture and art magazine. His Spangen Housing (1919â21) and Tusschendijken Housing (1921â24), both displayed in the 1923 De Stijl exhibition, achieved efficiency and economy through standardization and use of brick as an everyday exterior material while including horizontal-vertical articulations of corner elements related to spatial De Stijl ideas. And as a result there is generated a new open plan, totally different from the classic because inside and outside space interpenetrate.”. Eating less food is called a diet. • The Schröder House is a UNESCO world heritage site. Enacting van Doesburg’s transition into “elementarism” and influenced by the oblique “counter-construction” drawings from the Maison ParticuliÃ¨re, his Cinema-Dance Hall features diagonal color patterns extending through the room’s corners to dismantle the confines of the space. Tag: De Stijl Schröder House (1925) Schröderhuis with its flexible interior spatial arrangement, and visual and formal qualities, is a De Stijl Movement manifesto, and it has always been considered one of the icons of the Modern Architecture. The design for the commemorative tower is inspired by the Netherlands based art movement De Stijl, which embraced an abstract, minimalist aesthetic grounded in basic visual elements of simple geometric forms, lines, and primary colors.This movement's central figures were the painters Piet Mondrian and Theo Van Doesburg. As siteless, dynamic, spatial objects, each contains asymmetrical volumes rotated about central voids, projecting primary-colored planes as floors, walls, and ceilings into surrounding space. All rights reserved. Some of the important members included Theo van Doesburg, Piet Mondrian, and of course, Gerrit Reitveld. The painter Piet Mondrian (1872â1944) was De Stijl’s spiritual leader, providing its philosophical foundation (Neoplasticism) and language for representing pure relations of contrasts via horizontal-vertical oppositions and utilizing the primary colors red, blue, and yellow with the noncolors black, white, and gray. When you're on diet, you restrict yourself to small amounts of food for medical reasons or to lose or maintain weight. Whereas in the first phase of De Stijl architecture Van ’t Hoff, Wils and Oud had applied borrowings from Wright in designs which were otherwise still relatively conventional, the private house and the studio house seem to go back beyond Wright to the same ground in which his work was rooted: to the primitive shelter isolated in open space. Still, the Schroder House uses certain elements of mass architecture to its advantage: reinforced concrete over steel. Countermovement to the De Stijl movement in 1917. Begun as a virtual assemblage of avant-garde artists based in the Netherlands, it was founded and controlled by the painter, writer, and architect Theo van Doesburg (1883â1931). The complex commission was carried out in conjunction with Hans Arp and Sophie TÃ¤uber Arp, who designed other rooms. Completed in 1939, the design of the building draws influence from the Dutch De Stijl movement, particularly the work of Willem M Dudok, and the work of German architect Walter Gropius. De Stijl wasn’t confined only to painting: interior design, typography, graphic art and architecture were all transformed. The … ARCHITECTURE Café De Unie designed by JJP Oud (1890-1963, Purmerend) belongs together with the Rietveld-Schreuder house by Gerrit Rietveld in Utrecht, to the canon of De Stijl architecture… The philosophy … Although the Café is considered today (by some) to be a success, van Doesburg’s architectural statement and the artists’ interior was unpopular with the clients and was wiped out in 1928, perhaps because of the rather dizzying array of blocks of bright color. Van Doesburg built a simple house for himself and his wife, Nelly, in Meudon-Val Fleury, outside of Paris, between 1927 and 1930. Indeed, other examples of De Stijl architecture indicate how tempting it is to devolve into decoration. Minimalist architectureis restricted to fewer elements to achieve the most. Clearly, architecture in the nineteenth century was mired in the past and it was the task of modern architects to define modernist architecture. 1915, the Villa Henny, Huis ter Heide, the Netherlands, Robert van’t Hoff, 1919-1921, Spangen Housing, Rotterdam, NETHERLANDS, J.J.P.Oud, 1921-1924, Tusschendijken Housing , Rotterdam, NETHERLANDS, J.J.P.Oud, 1923, Maison d’Artiste, Theo van Doesburg and Cornelis van Eesteren’s, 1923, Maison ParticuliÃ©re, Theo van Doesburg and Cornelis van Eesteren’s, 1924, SchrÃ¶der House, Utrecht, the Netherlands, Gerrit Rietveld, 1925, Cafe de Unie, Rotterdam, NETHERLANDS, J.J.P.Oud, 1925-1929, Kiefhoek Housing , Rotterdam, NETHERLANDS, J.J.P.Oud, 1926-1928, the Cafe Aubette, Strassbourg, France, Theo van Doesburg, 1927-1930, van Doesburg's house, Nelly, in Meudon-Val Fleury, FRANCE, Theo van Doesburg, Lissitzky, El; Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig ; Oud, J.J.P. Article from moderndesign.org. Nov 28, 2019 - Explore Shihwei Yu's board "DE STIJL" on Pinterest. 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